The Social Security Agreement between the United States and Mexico was signed on June 29, 2004. The agreement must be submitted to the U.S. Congress and the Mexican Senate for consideration, so the agreement is not currently in effect (December 2014). The national pension is a mechanism that requires individuals to save money for retirement. The current contribution rate is 9 per cent of a worker`s gross salary (4.5 per cent by the employer and 4.5 per cent by the worker) capped at KRW218,700 per month, unless the totalization agreement with the individual`s country of origin/jurisdiction is agreed upon. Under the agreement, if you work as an employee in the United States, you are generally covered by the United States and you and your employer pay Social Security taxes only in the United States. When you work as an employee in Korea, you are normally covered by Korea, and you and your employer pay social security taxes only to Korea. 1. The Social Security Agreement between the Republic of Korea and the United States of America, signed on 13 March 2000, will enter into force on 1 April 2001. The Roque government informed the U.S. government that internal procedures, including the ratification of the agreement, had been completed on 21 December 2000, following a consensus of the National Assembly on 8 December 2000. In return, since the U.S.
government notified the completion of its own domestic procedures on January 22, 2001, the agreement will enter into force on April 1, 2001, the first day of the third month following mutual notification of national procedures relating to the agreement. 2. The main content of this agreement is as follows: A. When a person is subject to the legislation of one State Party and is in the territory of the other State Party, he is treated on the same state of equality with the nationals of the other State Party when he applies the legislation of the other State party on the effectiveness and payment of benefits. B. When a person normally employed by an employer in the territory of a contracting state is seconded by that employer to work in the territory of the other State party, the person is subject to the law of the first contracting state only if the duration of employment in the territory of the other contracting state does not exceed five years. C. When periods of scope are taken into account under U.S.
law when determining entitlement to benefits, the benefit due is determined by adding up the duration of coverage periods taken into account under the legislation of the two contracting states. 3. To date, Korean workers posted to the United States have paid bills subject to both social security in the United States and Korea; However, as a result of the agreement, they are now required to pay only social security contributions to Korea, which is expected to significantly reduce the burden on Korean companies abroad.